Where Jesus is today is a simple enough question.  However, levelsetting on the answer can be foundational in understanding other aspects of the Godhead.  It can also be the first step in understanding other characteristics and responsibilities for the Son of God.

how Scripture answers "Where is Jesus today?"

Jesus is in heaven, seated at the right hand of God1,2,4,5,6,7. We would have to conclude that statements made about Jesus living in us3,8 are not literal but rather that it is his Spirit living in us. We have no other scripture that Jesus is anywhere else until he returns in judgement (which is not a return to earth).

the answer above is based on and footnoted with the following Scripture Blocks
1
Therefore, since we are surrounded by so great a cloud of witnesses, let us also lay aside every weight, and sin which clings so closely, and let us run with endurance the race that is set before us, looking to Jesus, the founder and perfecter of our faith, who for the joy that was set before him endured the cross, despising the shame, and is seated at the right hand of the throne of God.
Therefore, since we have all around us a host of witnesses, let’s lay aside any encumberance and sin that clings so closely, and let’s run a marathon while looking to Jesus.  He is the author of our faith.  He completes it. Afterall, he endured the cross because of the joy that was before him by setting aside the shame and he’s now seated at the right hand of the throne of God.

The Hebrews writer is transitioning to the close of his letter after having chronicled all of the great people of faith that have gone before.  They are the great “cloud of witnesses.”

How does it inform?

Jesus “is seated at the right hand of the throne of God.”

Does it apply? Yes

2
This Jesus God raised up, and of that we all are witnesses. Being therefore exalted at the right hand of God, and having received from the Father the promise of the Holy Spirit, he has poured out this that you yourselves are seeing and hearing.
We [apostles] are all witnesses to the fact that God raised Jesus up.  He has been glorifed to the right hand of God, and having received the promise of the Holy Spirit from the Father, he has poured it out [on us] and it’s what you are seeing and hearing.

Peter’s sermon on the day of Pentecost after he witnessed Jesus ascending into heaven.  The apostles had been baptized in the Holy Spirit, able to speak in foreign tongues and having what appeared to be “tongues of fire” resting on them (vss 3-4).

How does it inform?

Jesus has been glorfied “at the right hand of God.”

Does it apply? Yes

3
Examine yourselves, to see whether you are in the faith. Test yourselves. Or do you not realize this about yourselves, that Jesus Christ is in you?—unless indeed you fail to meet the test!
Examine yourself to see whether you are in the faith.  Test yourself. You should know that Jesus Christ is in you unless of course, you fail to meet the test!

Paul’s closing and final instructions to the Christians at Corinth.  He is sternly warning those practicing sin to repent.  Specifically, he is concerned he will find on his return to them those still engaging in jealousy, gossip, impurity, and sexual immorality among other things (vss 20-21).

How does it inform?

Paul’s statement here, if taken by itself, that Jesus is living in each Christian.

Does it apply? Possibly

4
But he, full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God. And he said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.
[Stephen], full of the Holy Spirit, looked up to heaven and saw the glory of God and Jesus standing at the right hand.  And he said, Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.

Stephen has been brought before the Jewish High Priest and council on charges of blasphemy against God and Moses (6:11).  The entire chapter seven is his public defense before he is ultimately stoned to death.

How does it inform?

Stephen witnessed Jesus “standing at the right hand of God” in heaven.

Does it apply? Yes

5
God exalted him at his right hand as Leader and Savior, to give repentance to Israel and forgiveness of sins. And we are witnesses to these things, and so is the Holy Spirit, whom God has given to those who obey him.

God has exhalted him [Jesus] at His right hand as Leader and Savior that he might give repentance to Israel and foregiveness of sins.  We [apostles], together with the Holy Spirit – whom God has given to all that obey Him – are witnesses to these things.

In the early days of the Christian movement and God’s establishment of His “new covenant,” the apostles are carrying the message of the gospel across Jerusalem and Judea.  Being confronted by the Jewish leadership, as often they were, Peter tells them, “We must obey God rather than men” (vs 29) and witnesses to them about the things he and the others have seen with their eyes.  In this case, Peter may be specifically referring back to witnessing the transfiguration of Jesus documented in Acts 1.

How does it inform?

Jesus has been glorified and exhalted to the right hand of God.

Does it apply? Yes

6
Who is to condemn? Christ Jesus is the one who died—more than that, who was raised—who is at the right hand of God, who indeed is interceding for us. Who shall separate us from the love of Christ? Shall tribulation, or distress, or persecution, or famine, or nakedness, or danger, or sword?
Who can condemn [us]?  Jesus is the one that died, and more than that was raised, who is now at the right hand of God advocating for us.  Nothing can separate us from the love of Christ including tribulation, distress, persecution, famine, nakedness, danger or sword.
Directly on the heels of Paul’s oft-quoted (out of context) statements in
vss 28-30
, Paul is drawing a conclusion about the Christian’s justification process before God.
How does it inform?

Paul states that Jesus is at the right hand of God actively interceding for the Christian.

Does it apply? Yes

7
Therefore, if you have been raised with Christ, keep seeking the things above, where Christ is, seated at the right hand of God.

Therefore, if you have been raised with Christ, keep striving for the heavenly things, where Christ is seated at the right hand of God.

Paul is encouraging the Colossians to “keep seeking the things above” (vs 1)  and imploring them to “put off” (vs 8) the sins of the world. He continues to give specific “in the Lord” behavioral instructions for wives (vs 18), husbands (vs 19), children (vs 20), fathers (vs 21), and slaves (vs 22).

How does it inform?

Jesus Christ is in heaven seated at the right hand of God.

Does it apply? Yes

8
that according to the riches of his glory he may grant you to be strengthened with power through his Spirit in your inner being, so that Christ may dwell in your hearts through faith—that you, being rooted and grounded in love,
that by the abundance of his [Jesus] glory he enables your strengthening with power by the Holy Spirit dwelling in you, whereby Christ will dwell in your hearts by faith in him — so that you, being rooted and grounded in love,

Paul’s letter to the Ephesians and continues with an actual prayer through verse 21.

How does it inform?

Jesus dwells Christians hearts by virtue of the Holy Spirit in the “inner being”.

Does it apply? Yes

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