The top four results of baptism are that one is:
- Born again1,2, having died to the life of sin3 (e.g. “body of flesh”6,13) and clothed anew in Christ14, receiving the Holy Spirit1,8,9,13,
- Forgiven of their sins3,5,9 and washed clean2,7,8,12,
- Raised [from the water burial2] in Christ3,6,11 and set apart12 by Him10 into His church4/kingdom1,
- Adopted as children of God13,14 and an heir to the inheritance of His promises13,14.
Scripture never mentions baptism being “an outward showing of an inward commitment/grace”. Certainly, it’s an outward showing of one’s obedient response9 — an “appeal to God” as Peter puts it7, but it’s so much more1,2,3,4,5,6,8,10,11,12,13,14!