All kinds of qualifications for a preacher (or, in today’s vernacular an “evangelist”, “minister”, or “pastor”) exist today. Special schools for preaching God’s word are abundant.

“Ordination” is an associated concept defined by Wikipedia as “the process by which individuals are consecrated, that is, set apart and elevated from the laity class to the clergy, who are thus then authorized (usually by the denominational hierarchy composed of other clergy) to perform various religious rites and ceremonies.” The process can actually be quite simple as laid out on the GetOrdained.org site.

It all begs the question about what God has set forth for the qualifications for a preacher.

Qualifications for a Preacher

how Scripture answers "What are the qualifications for a preacher?"

The qualifications for a preacher of God simply that he preach or teach in a way that agrees with sound doctrine4, or, proclaiming the gospel of Christ2. A skilled speaker isn’t a pre-requisite5, nor are necessarily the “pure” motives2 of the individual. This is indeed a stark contrast to the religious opinions today that claim “anyone should have the right to become ordained as a minister and “captain their own spiritual ship”, no matter what their specific beliefs may be.”

A prophet of God is a distinct role from that of a preacher (Ephesians 4:11-14) and served a purpose that has passed (Ephesians 2:19-21). And yet, the prophet’s similarity to the role of a preacher is worth noting here. While one literally spoke the words of God3, the other is tasked with effectively the same mission4. And just as the hearer was required to test the prophet’s message as true or false, so too must we determine a preacher’s messsage to be consistent with God’s1,4.

the answer above is based on and footnoted with the following Scripture Blocks
1
Let the prophet who has a dream tell the dream, but let him who has my word speak my word faithfully. What has straw in common with wheat? declares the Lord.

God declares that the prophet that has a dream should tell the dream, but if it should be faithfully attributed as My words.  Straw has nothing to do with wheat!

God, through Jeremiah, is speaking out against the religious leadership in Judah.  In the midst of this condemnation of the “shepherds who destroy and scatter my sheep” (vs 1), there is a preview to the “latter days” when Jesus will rule as king faithfully (vss 5-8).  But in the meantime, God condemns the many false prophets and even the priests (vs 33).

How does it inform?

The prophets (true or false) were judged according their speaking God’s words. Some were instead speaking “the deceit of their own heart” (vs 26).

Does it apply? Yes

2
Some, to be sure, are preaching Christ from envy and rivalry, but others from goodwill. The latter do so from love because they know that I am placed here for the defense of the gospel. The former proclaim Christ from selfish ambition, not sincerely, because they think they can cause trouble for me in my imprisonment. What is the result? Only that in every way, whether in pretense or in truth, Christ is being proclaimed, and in this I rejoice.
Some preach Christ from envy and others from goodwill.  The latter do so from love and support my [Paul] defense of the gospel, while the former do so from selfish ambition attempting to cause trouble while I am imprisoned. However, that both preach truth and Christ is proclaimed is reason to rejoice.

Paul is in prison in Rome and is uncertain of his future – whether release or death. He’s writing to the church in Philippi with greetings and encouragement.

How does it inform?

That Christ is proclaimed is the goal of preaching, even when the one preaching isn’t acting from sincere or pure motives.

Does it apply? Yes

3
Therefore I have hewn them by the prophets; I have slain them by the words of my mouth, and my judgment goes forth as the light.

Therefore, I [God] have cut and shaped them by the prophets, killing them by the words of my mouth – judgment that reaches everyone.

Hosea prophesied primarily to the northern ten tribes, the nation of Israel, during the time of Jereboam II (~750BC).  This was during a time of great peace, prosperity and stability for the nation, but just a decade or two before they would be taken away and destroyed by Assyria.
How does it inform?

The prophets, by God’s words (not their own), shaped and “slew” the people with words of judgment that reached everyone.

Does it apply? Yes

4
But as for you, teach what accords with sound doctrine.
But you should teach that which agrees with sound doctrine.
Paul is writing to a young preacher, Titus.  He provides instructions regarding many of the other roles in the congregation including pastors/elders and deacons in chapter one. He continues to give instruction regarding behavior to certain segments/groups within the church: older men (2:2), older women (2:3), younger women (2:4), younger men (2:6) and finally slaves (2:9).  With all of these, their behavior is to be exhibited as would “accord with sound doctrine” (1:9, 2:1, 2:10).
How does it inform?

Titus, a young preacher, was to teach only what agreed with “sound doctrine”.

Does it apply? Yes

5
Even if I am unskilled in speaking, I am not so in knowledge; indeed, in every way we have made this plain to you in all things.
Even though I [Paul] may not be skilled in speaking, I am in knowledge of God’s word and have made this plain to you in all things.
Paul, while away from Corinth, is being marginalized by other men that Paul refers to as “super-apostles” (vs 5).  They are critisizing what Paul spoke when he “preached God’s gospel” to them “free of charge” (vs 7 xref
Acts 18:8-11
).  He is warning the Corinthians of these individuals’ inferiority in the knowledge of Christ and labels them as “false apostles” and “deceitful workmen” (vs 13).
How does it inform?

Paul was an apostle, but here refers to his time among the Corinthian brethern as a preacher. He successfully fulfilled that role according to knowledge (of Christ), not based on any speaking skills (e.g. human requirements).

Does it apply? Yes

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