To pray in the Spirit is first something that can only be done believers4, or those that have been given the Holy Spirit5. Similarly, Paul contextualizes it as pertaining to “in Christ Jesus” in a chapter dedicated to pointing how a Christian should be living according to the Spirit and not according to the flesh1. There he explicitly defines what it means to pray in the Spirit which is summarized as follows:
- WHO: the Holy Spirit, as directed by God,
- WHAT: interceding for us with “inexpressible groanings”,
- WHY: in order to compensate for our own human (or “fleshly” per the context) weakness.
Notably, the “HOW” is not answered in Scrpture, and therefore not something we can answer. We are only told matter-of-factly that He “DOES”. The fact that those “in the Spirit” should “pray in the Spirit” is repeated a couple of other times3,4 in a way consistent with Paul’s definition (without offering further explanation on “HOW”) and in a way that comforts a Christian that may feel inadequate in their daily struggle. Also worth noting is a passage2 that some attempt to pull into this discussion. However, to do so is a misapplication. Based on the context, Paul is clearly speaking about his own “spirit” (the essence of his spirituality as a human) versus God’s Holy Spirit that indwells him as a believer5 or the special, miraculous gifts he possesses as an apostle.