Regarding spiritual matters, including morality, we are to be judging others1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8. This is clear even in the very next things Jesus states1 after the oft-quoted prooftext for justifying the opposite. It is of course true that we are making thousands of “judgments” every day3,6 about all kinds of things, and Paul amplifies the great care that’s required among brethren – not being judgmental on matters of opinion4. But concerning spiritual matters, followers of Jesus are called to make judgments of others from the standard of God’s word2,8 – in particular, those with whom they worship locally as a basis of fellowship5,6,7. We must do so while acknowledging our own shortcomings1,4,9 and tempered by the fact that all will come before God in judgment one day1,4,6,10,11.