A basic understanding of the dwelling of God the Father is an important, fundamental concept to get right. Other religions and beliefs have taught the dwelling of God to be all sorts of places. This includes aspects of the New Age movement and worldviews that include monism (all is one), pantheism (reality is identical to divinity), and mysticism (the experience of oneness with the divine).

how Scripture answers "Where is the dwelling of God?"

The dwelling of God is in Heaven1,2,3,5, or “the heavens”4. While God the Father dwells in heaven, He has made provision, as He promised, to dwell with His people as well.

the answer above is based on and footnoted with the following Scripture Blocks
1
But you are not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all brothers. And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven. Neither be called instructors, for you have one instructor, the Christ.
Since you have one teacher and you are all brothers and sisters, don’t elevate yourself by being called rabbi. Neither call anyone your father on earth, since you have one Father in heaven.  Finally, don’t be called instructors, for Christ is your only instructor.
Jesus addressing the crowds and disciples (vs 1) that includes a scathing rebuke of the Pharisees – considered the religious elite of the day.
How does it inform?

God the Father is in heaven.

Does it apply? Yes

2
Be not rash with your mouth, nor let your heart be hasty to utter a word before God, for God is in heaven and you are on earth. Therefore let your words be few.
Don’t be careless in your speach.  You are subject to God who is in heaven, therefore be mindful of your conduct.
Observations of the folly of life without acknowledging God and His authority.
How does it inform?

God is in heaven, as opposed to on earth.

Does it apply? Yes

3
Pray then like this: Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name.
Pray in this manner: Our Father in heaven, holy is your name.
Jesus’ sermon on the mount as recorded by Matthew, where he introduces the kingdom He is to establish and describes its nature and the nature of its citizens.
How does it inform?

God the Father is in heaven.

Does it apply? Yes

4
The heavens are the Lord’s heavens, but the earth he has given to the children of man.

The heavens belong to God, but the earth He has given to mankind to rule.

A hymn that urges the people to worship God alone.
How does it inform?

God’s realm is the heavens, vs man’s realm on earth.

Does it apply? Yes

5
But he, full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God. And he said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.
[Stephen], full of the Holy Spirit, looked up to heaven and saw the glory of God and Jesus standing at the right hand.  And he said, Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.

Stephen has been brought before the Jewish High Priest and council on charges of blasphemy against God and Moses (6:11).  The entire chapter seven is his public defense before he is ultimately stoned to death.

How does it inform?

Stephen sees “Jesus standing at the right hand of God” as he “gazed into heaven”.

Does it apply? Yes

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