A basic understanding of the dwelling of God the Father is an important, fundamental concept to get right. Other religions and beliefs have taught the dwelling of God to be in all sorts of places. This includes aspects of the New Age movement and worldviews that include monism (all is one), pantheism (reality is identical to divinity), and mysticism (the experience of oneness with the divine).

How Scripture answers "Where is the dwelling of God the Father?"

The dwelling of God the Father is in Heaven1,2,3,5,6,7,8,9,10, or “the heavens”4. Heaven and earth are distinctly separate1,2,4,8,9,10 and can only serve as His “footstool”8 (and 1 Chronicles 28:2). This question/answer forms a simple yet profound principle for understanding God’s word. It in turn shapes our broader understanding of critical topics like:

Have you been cleansed and made holy in order to receive the promise of His Spirit – God dwelling in YOU?

Answer built on scripture-blocks below

But you are not to be called rabbi, for you have one teacher, and you are all brothers. And call no man your father on earth, for you have one Father, who is in heaven. Neither be called instructors, for you have one instructor, the Christ.
Since you have one teacher and you are all brothers and sisters, don’t elevate yourself by being called rabbi. Neither call anyone your father on earth, since you have one Father in heaven.  Finally, don’t be called instructors, for Christ is your only instructor.
Jesus addressing the crowds and disciples (vs 1) that includes a scathing rebuke of the Pharisees – considered the religious elite of the day.
Scripture-block application to this question

God the Father is in heaven.

Be not rash with your mouth, nor let your heart be hasty to utter a word before God, for God is in heaven and you are on earth. Therefore let your words be few.
Don’t be careless in your speach.  You are subject to God who is in heaven, therefore be mindful of your conduct.
Observations of the folly of life without acknowledging God and His authority.
Scripture-block application to this question

God is in heaven, as opposed to on earth.

Pray then like this: Our Father in heaven, hallowed be your name.
Pray in this manner: Our Father in heaven, holy is your name.

Jesus’ sermon on the mount as recorded by Matthew, where he introduces the kingdom He is to establish and describes its nature and the nature of its citizens. In this section, He is teaching them how to pray.

Scripture-block application to this question

God the Father is in heaven.

The heavens are the Lord’s heavens, but the earth he has given to the children of man.

The heavens belong to God, but the earth He has given to mankind to rule.

A hymn that urges the people to worship God alone.
Scripture-block application to this question

God’s realm is the heavens, vs man’s realm on earth.

But he, full of the Holy Spirit, gazed into heaven and saw the glory of God, and Jesus standing at the right hand of God. And he said, Behold, I see the heavens opened, and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.
[Stephen], full of the Holy Spirit, looked up to heaven and saw the glory of God [the Father] and Jesus [the Son] standing at the right hand.  And he said, “Look! I see the heavens opened and the Son of Man standing at the right hand of God.”

Stephen has been brought before the Jewish High Priest and council on charges of blasphemy against God and Moses (6:11).  The entire chapter seven is his public defense before he is ultimately stoned to death.

Scripture-block application to this question

Stephen sees “Jesus standing at the right hand of God” as he “gazed into heaven”.

“When your people Israel are defeated before the enemy because they have sinned against you, and if they turn again to you and acknowledge your name and pray and plead with you in this house, then hear in heaven and forgive the sin of your people Israel and bring them again to the land that you gave to their fathers.
When an enemy defeats your [God’s] people because of their sin, if they repent and come to your temple to ask forgiveness, please hear from your dwelling in heaven and forgive them and bring them back to the land that you gave to their fathers.

King Solomon has completed the building of the temple in Jerusalem.

Scripture-block application to this question

Solomon asks God to hear their prayer from heaven.

And the beast was given a mouth uttering haughty and blasphemous words, and it was allowed to exercise authority for forty-two months. It opened its mouth to utter blasphemies against God, blaspheming his name and his dwelling, that is, those who dwell in heaven.

The beast was permitted to boast and blaspheme for a limited amount of time. It blasphemed against God, His name, and His dwelling in heaven.

The book of Revelation is what John saw and was told to write down (1:1-2). Using “in the Spirit” as a structural marker, the book can be sectioned into four visions in particular:

  • Vision One (1:9-3:22) – Jesus speaking to the seven churches
  • Vision Two (4:1-16:21) – Seven seals, seven trumpets, seven bowls of wrath; “one of the seven angels who had the seven bowls” introduces the last two (and therefore possibly connected):
    • Vision Three (17:1-21:8) – Babylon the Harlot
    • Vision Four (21:9-22:5) – Jerusalem the Bride

In the midst of this second vision, we are introduced to a dragon (or serpent) that is “furious with the woman” and makes war on her offspring, aka “those who keep the commandments of God and hold to the testimony of Jesus.” (12:17)  The dragon is worshipped and gives power and authority to a beast that is also worshipped. (13:4)

Scripture-block application to this question

God’s dwelling is in heaven.

Thus says the Lord: Heaven is my throne, and the earth is my footstool; what is the house that you would build for me, and what is the place of my rest? All these things my hand has made, and so all these things came to be, declares the Lord. But this is the one to whom I will look: he who is humble and contrite in spirit and trembles at my word.

God says that His throne is in heaven and earth, what He has created, is His footstool. Why would He dwell in a house that was made for Him? However, where He does seek to dwell is with someone who is humble and meek and obeys His word.

The closing words of Isaiah the prophet, much of which (from about chapter 42 on) either alludes to Messiah or is directly quoted and confirmed by an inspired writer and applied such.

The first half of this passage is quoted by Stephen in Acts 7:49-50.

Scripture-block application to this question

God says that heaven is His throne – His dwelling.

!! scripture-block context extra important here !!

In the same “sermon” referenced earlier preached by Stephen5, he references this passage from Isaiah, the temple of Solomon, and that “the Most High does not dwell in houses made by hands”. (Acts 7:48)

Out of heaven he let you hear his voice, that he might discipline you. And on earth he let you see his great fire, and you heard his words out of the midst of the fire. And because he loved your fathers and chose their offspring after them and brought you out of Egypt with his own presence, by his great power, driving out before you nations greater and mightier than yourselves, to bring you in, to give you their land for an inheritance, as it is this day, know therefore today, and lay it to your heart, that the Lord is God in heaven above and on the earth beneath; there is no other.

He [God, the Father] let you hear His voice so that He might discipline you. You saw His great fire and heard His words in its midst. Since He loved your fathers He chose you and redeemed you out of Egypt. He was in your midst and by His power drove stronger nations away to bring you into your land inheritance. Know for certain and remember that God alone reigns over all the heaven above and the earth beneath.

Moses is retelling the Law given to him by God on Mt Sinai.  This is to a new generation of people after the forty years of wandering in the wilderness and just before entering the Promised Land. Specifically, Moses recalls to their minds (vs 12) God speaking at Mount Sinai and the giving of the Law (Exodus 19-20).

Scripture-block application to this question

God spoke from heaven to those on earth. Heaven is “above” where God dwells and the earth is “beneath” where man dwells2.

Again I say to you, if two of you agree on earth about anything they ask, it will be done for them by my Father in heaven. For where two or three are gathered in my name, there am I among them.

I’ll [Jesus] tell you [disciples] again that if two or more who are on earth are in agreement with whatever they ask, it will be done for them by My Father who is in heaven. Wherever two or more are gathered in My name, the Father is there with them.

Jesus is instructing the disciples (vs 1) about various things including the need to “become like children” (vs 4), overcoming inevitable temptations (vss 7-9), the value of a single believer who falls away (vss 10-14), and correcting a brother in sin (vss 15-20).
Scripture-block application to this question

God, the Father, is in heaven.

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