Many today live as though they will never come before God in judgment. But Jesus said, “Therefore you also must be ready, for the Son of Man is coming at an hour you do not expect.” (Matthew 24:44) In the same context, he divulges that “concerning that day and hour no one knows, not even the angels of heaven, nor the Son, but the Father only.” (Matthew 24:36)

Who is it that should be ready to come before God in judgment?

how Scripture answers "Who will come before God in judgment?"

Everyone1 – all nations3 and beings2 – will come before God in judgment. In particular, Jesus Christ will be the one to whom they bow down1,2,3, on whom God has given all authority2 (John 5:22).

the answer above is based on and footnoted with the following Scripture Blocks
1
For we must all appear before the judgment seat of Christ, so that each one may receive what is due for what he has done in the body, whether good or evil. Therefore, knowing the fear of the Lord, we persuade others. But what we are is known to God, and I hope it is known also to your conscience.
We will all appear before the judgment seat of Christ in order to receive what is due from our works, whether good or bad. Therefore, knowing the fear of God, we teach others.  God knows those who are His, and I hope you also know.

Paul is speaking of the temporary state the Christian finds themself in – yearning to be “further clothed” but still in this “tent” in which we “groan” to be with Him (vss 1-4).

How does it inform?

Paul says “all appear before the judgment seat of Christ.”

Does it apply? Yes

2
Therefore God has highly exalted him and bestowed on him the name that is above every name, so that at the name of Jesus every knee should bow, in heaven and on earth and under the earth, and every tongue confess that Jesus Christ is Lord, to the glory of God the Father.
God has exalted him [Jesus] and given him all authority above anyone else.  Therefore, every knee in all creation will bow to him and confess him as Lord, to the glorification of the God the Father.

Paul is transitioning into a long closing in an otherwise short letter to the church in Philippi.  He has expressed his deep fondness for them (1:6-7) and encourages them throughout to have the “mind of Christ.”  His encouragement here is to remain strong in their “partnership in the gospel” (1:5) so they continue to “shine as light in the world” (vs 15).

How does it inform?

Every knee will bow and confess Jesus is Lord and not just those on earth but those in heaven and “under the earth”.

Does it apply? Yes

3
When the Son of Man comes in his glory, and all the angels with him, then he will sit on his glorious throne. Before him will be gathered all the nations, and he will separate people one from another as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

When Jesus comes in His glory, accompanied by angels, He will sit on His throne. In front of Him will be gathered all people, and He will separate them as a shepherd separates the sheep from the goats.

Jesus has finished teaching about the kingdom to His disciples (parables of ten virgins and the talents) when He describes the final judgment — “When the Son of Man comes in his glory….”.

How does it inform?

All nations will be gathered for judgment.

Does it apply? Yes

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