The word Bible is from the Greek and Latin meaning “book” or “books”. The Christian Bible as we know it is made up of two Testaments or Covenants (Old and New) and might also be referred to as the Holy Writ, Holy Scriptures or Word of God.
It is a collection of sixty-six different books, written by at least twenty-eight different men (those books where the author is named) that lived over a period of 1,500 years. Getting twenty-eight different men to write a cohesive story when they never knew each other or even lived during the same period in history is pretty remarkable…some would even say impossible.
Wikipedia records, “The Bible has had a massive influence on literature and history, especially in the Western world, where the Gutenberg Bible was the first book printed using movable type. According to the March 2007 edition of Time, the Bible “has done more to shape literature, history, entertainment, and culture than any book ever written. Its influence on world history is unparalleled, and shows no signs of abating.” With estimated total sales of over 5 billion copies, it is widely considered to be the best-selling book of all time. As of the 2000s, it sells approximately 100 million copies annually.”
With that backdrop, it’s worth considering what the Bible may say about its own source and authority. Does it even claim to be the word of God? Admittedly, there are extra-Biblical aspects to answering this question, but establishing what the Bible even claims to be is an important starting point.